lathe machinery

Do You Know What Are the Different Types of Lathe Machinery?

There are several different types of lathe machinery designed for various purposes. A wood lathe is a small, simple device used exclusively for working with wooden materials. An engine lathe is designed for common metalworking tasks while a turret lathe can perform multiple functions on the same work piece. Tool room lathe machinery is typically utilized for procedures requiring a high degree of accuracy. Computer numerically controlled lathe machinery is capable of performing high-speed functions for mass-production applications.

 

Lathe machinery is utilized to perform a process known as turning. This process involves removing a certain amount of material from a workpiece by means of rotation. A cutting tool is pressed against the workpiece to shape it as it turns on the lathe. There are several different types of lathe machinery intended for specific purposes. Most lathes are manually operated, but automated versions are also manufactured.

 

A wood lathe is a small, simple machine consisting of a tool rest, headstock, tailstock, and bed. It is not designed for precision cutting because the shaping tool is hand-powered. Spinning is controlled by a belt-driven motor which can be adjusted to various speeds. Woodworking tools are supported by the tool rest, and manual pressure is applied to the workpiece. A certain amount of skill is required to accurately operate a wood lathe.

 

An engine lathe is designed for turning almost any type of metal work piece. Like the wood lathe, it consists of a headstock, tailstock, and bed. Shaping tools may be manually operated or gear driven. An engine lathe also features a compound rest and cross-slide for angular and cross cutting. This machine typically has a much wider speed range than a wood lathe.

 

A turret lathe is capable of performing a sequence of different operations on a single workpiece. Its design is similar to an engine lathe with an indexing turret attached. Turret lathes can significantly reduce production time and costs of certain metalworking processes. This multifunction device saves time by allowing the workpiece to remain attached to the lathe during multiple operations. The sequential operation also reduces costly errors resulting from repeated workpiece realignment.

 

Tool room lathe machinery is designed for metalworking tasks that require precision shaping. This type of lathe is extremely accurate and frequently utilized in machine shops. A computer numerically controlled lathe is able to perform high-speed operations on a large scale. These specialized machines are capable of repeatedly performing complex metalworking tasks without being readjusted. This machinery is often used in mass-production manufacturing applications.

 

FASTCUT Machinery Co., Ltd. is the company of specializing in lathe machinery. If you need more information about CNC lathes or twin spindle CNC lathes etc., welcome to visit the website of FASTCUT. They are one of the most excellent lathe machines manufacturers in Taiwan.

 

Article Source: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-different-types-of-lathe-machinery.htm

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Lathe Machinery Operations

Nowadays, the tool room work and workshop machine activities; are done by repairers or through suitable lathe tools. A lathe is a tool utilized to perform various functions like turning, cutting, drilling, grooving, knurling, parting, threading etc. They are used to produce accurate products made from metal, plastic, wood etc. The basic lathe machine operations are as follows:

 

Turning is an essential and important lathe operation. It is used to create circular objects and for reducing the diameter of the work. Taper turning refers to the process where the tool narrowly cuts the job at a specific angle. Knurling is done using a knurling tool; it has two slashed lined wheels that are pressed against the rotating work piece to produce a knurled object.

 

The drilling operation uses a drilling tool which is held in the tail stock and fed into the work by using a handle on tailstock. Threading is a precise operation, where the tool is fed into the job at a constant speed. This is done by attaching a carriage assembly with lead screws that are connected to the driving mechanism through gear trains. Two types of threading are external and internal threading.

 

Grooving is done before external threading by feeding the grooving tool perpendicular to the rotating work piece. Parting is done for cutting a work into smaller parts. Chamfering refers to slitting or cutting the edges of the object.

 

The major parts of a lathe machine are bed, headstock, saddle, tailstock, top slide; apron, cross slide, lead screw, countershaft, tool rest, chuck and gears. The bed is the base of a lathe, the chuck holds and spins the work piece; whereas the apron grips the gears, and the headstock allows the spindle to rotate at variable speeds. The tailstock holds the end of the work; and the carriage houses the cross slide, top slide and saddle.

 

Many types of lathes are available including the wood lathe. Here the cutting tool is operated manually by skilled workers to precisely form smooth curves and complex shapes on the work piece. The spindle is normally driven by a belt connected to the motor, and the speed can be varied manually. Lathe tools are held manually against the work, with the help of an adjustable tool rest; that is clamped to the base at a suitable position.

 

Engine lathes are machines with a longitudinal base, where the headstock and tailstock are mounted. It has an advanced spindle drive that runs at variable speeds; the selectable gears help to operate the machine at higher speeds. The lathe cutting tools are moved against the work using hand wheels; or automatically using a lead screw that is power driven by gears in the headstock. The carriage moves back and forth on the bed for longitudinal turning. The cross slide and compound rest are mounted above the carriage to enable cross and angular cutting.

 

Finally during any lathe machining operation, always take necessary precautions; even if you are an expert, or are handling an important process.

 

Cyclematic Machinery is a professional lathe machinery manufacturer which specializing in manufacturing Toolroom Lathes. If you need more details about lathe machinery, welcome to visit our website and feel free to contact Cyclematic!

 

CYCLEMATIC MACHINERY CO., LTD.

No. 20, Lane 50, Ming Shen Rd., Shen Kang Dist., Taichung 429, Taiwan

Tel: 886-4-2562-5393, 2562-6509

Fax: 886-4-25620298

E-mail: cymatic@ms23.hinet.net

 

 

Article Source: http://machinetools.bhavyamachinetools.com/lathe-machine-operations/

 

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