cnc machinery

Something You Should Know About CNC Equipment

CNC machines are electro-mechanical devices that manipulate machine shop tools using computer programming inputs. Did you know? The name “CNC” actually stands for Computer Numerical Control and it represents one of two common methods to generate prototypes from a digital software file.


The first CNC equipment was developed in the 1940s and 50s and relied on a common telecommunication data storage technology known as “punched tape” or “perforated paper tape.” Punched tape technology is long obsolete as the data medium quickly transitioned to analog and then digital computer processing in the 1950s and 1960s.


How Does CNC Equipment Works:


Machining in general is a way to transform a stock piece of material such as a block of plastic and arrive at a finished product (typically a prototype part) by means of a controlled material removal process. Similar to the other prototype development technology, FDM (3D printing), CNC relies on digital instructions from a Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) or Computer Aided Design (CAD) file like Solidworks 3D. The CNC machine interprets the design as instructions for cutting prototype parts. The ability to program computer devices to control machine tools rapidly advances shop productivity by automating the highly technical and labor intensive processes. Automated cuts improve both the speed and the accuracy with which prototype parts can be created – especially when the material is critical (such as is the case with polypropylene – read more about polypropylene).


Oftentimes machining processes require the use of multiple tools to make the desired cuts (e.g. different sized drill bits). CNC equipment commonly combines tools into common units or cells from which the machine can draw. Basic machines move in one or two axes while advanced machines move laterally in the x, y axis, longitudinally in the z axis, and oftentimes rotationally about one or more axes. Multi axis machines are capable of flipping parts over automatically, allowing you to remove material that was previously “underneath.” This eliminates the need for workers to flip the prototype stock material and allows you to cut all sides without the need for manual intervention. Fully automated cuts are generally more accurate than what is possible with manual inputs. That said, sometimes finishing work like etching is better accomplished by hand as well as simple cuts that would require extensive design work to program the machine for automation.


Want to learn about the different types of CNC equipment? Read more below.


Types of CNC Equipment:

CNC machines typically fall into one the two general categories: conventional machining technologies and novel machining technology:


Conventional Technologies:


  • Drills:

Drills work by spinning a drill bit and moving the bit about and into contact with a stationary block of stock material.


  • Lathes:

Lathes, very much the inverse of drills, spin the block of material against the drill bit (instead of spinning the drill bit and putting it into contact with the material). Lathes typically make contact with the material by laterally moving a cutting tool until it progressively touches the spinning material.


  • Milling Machines:

Milling machines are probably the most common CNC equipment in use today. They involve the use of rotary cutting tools to remove material from the stock unit.


Novel Technologies:


  • Electrical and/or Chemical Machining:

There are a number of novel technologies that use specialized techniques to cut material. Examples include Electron Beam Machining, Electrochemical machining, Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM), photochemical machining, and Ultrasonic machining. Most of these technologies are highly specialized and are used in special cases for mass-production involving a particular type of material.


  • Other Cutting Mediums:

There are a number of other novel technologies that use different mediums to cut material. Examples include laser cutting machines, oxy-fuel cutting machines, plasma cutting machines, and water-jet cutting technology.


Materials Used:

Almost any material can be used in a CNC equipment. It really depends on the application. Common materials include metals such as aluminum, brass, copper, steel, and titanium, as well as wood, foam, fiberglass, and plastics such as polypropylene.


Application for Rapid Prototyping:

CNC equipment was the first major break-through in the field of rapid-prototyping. Before numerical control (in the case of punched tape technology) and computer numerical control (with analog and digital computing), parts had to be machined by hand. This invariably led to larger margins of error in end prototype products and even more so if/when machines were manually used for larger scale manufacturing.


Application for Manufacturing:

Many novel CNC specialty machines are built specifically for niche manufacturing processes. For example, electrochemical machining is used to cut highly durable metal products not otherwise feasible. Conventional CNC equipment is more adept at and typically used for prototype development than manufacturing.


By the way, when mentioned CNC equipment, I recommend that you can try to visit the website of SEHO Industry Co., Ltd. if you need more information about CNC machinery. SEHO is the professional supplier of specializing in new or used CNC machinery. They adopt stock supply, you can visit their website to check out the machines that can quickly meet your demands of urgent orders. Now, to obtain further details about excellent CNC equipment, please don’t hesitate to contact with SEHO.


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Taking a Look at CNC Machinery

Computer numerical control (CNC) machines are machines that are used in the manufacturing industry. There are many types of these machines in the market. They include: center lathes, shaping machines, vertical millers, routers and many others. The most striking feature of the machines is the minicomputer that acts as the controller for the unit. The controller carries the instructions that you want the machine to follow. For the machine to function all you need to do are write code and the machine will follow them.


About CNC machinery


We have mentioned that the unique thing about this CNC machinery is that they have a minicomputer that acts as the controller. You also can apply them in different areas. Another cool thing with the machines is that you can use them continuously for 24 without any problems. According to the manufacturers, the machines can run continuously the entire year. You only need to switch them off for the occasional maintenance.


Since they run on an installed program, the manufactured products are exactly the same. This comes in handy in brand maintenance. Since they are programmed, they run on their own without requiring someone to supervise them.


Modern controller programs have the ability to simulate your idea as the manufacturer thus you don’t need to create a prototype or model. This saves you plenty of money and time.


If you are looking to put the cost of production low, you should go for the machines as they can manufacture plenty of products without supervision. According to the manufacturers, one person can supervise up to 20 machines. This saves you plenty of money putting into consideration that the machines have the ability to work 24 hours.


Buying the CNC machine controller


As mentioned above, the controller is a minicomputer that is inserted into the machine. Most of the machines come already installed with the controller, but if it breaks or you want a better version, there are stores where you can buy from. For you to buy a high-quality controller, buy from a popular store.


Just like computer programs, the controllers change with time. When making the purchase, ensure that the controller is compatible with your machine. You also need to ensure that the controller is easy to use. As rule of thumb ensure that almost anyone can enter code in the machine.




This is what you need to know about CNC machines. Whether buying the CNC machinery or their controllers, buy them from a reputable store.


SEHO is the professional and reputable CNC machinery provider in Taiwan. We offer well condition used machinery and new CNC lathes to customers. And SEHO adopts stock supply no matter in used machines or new machines to quickly match the demands of clients for their urgent orders. If you need more specification and details about CNC machinery, welcome to visit our website or contact with SEHO directly!



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