band saws

Guide to the Different Types of Band Saws

Band saws come in many different shapes and sizes, each with their own unique selling points and purpose. The band saw is regarded as one of the most versatile power tools on the market according to Popular Woodworking Magazine, renowned for its ability to cut through just about any material, however, it is not often the first machine purchased for a workshop.


The material you’re working with and type of project you’re completing will determine which of the different types of band saws to use. Vertical, horizontal, timber, and metal, cover just some of the band saws available.


This article will take you through some of the different types of band saws and some of their common uses, as well as a general guide to band saw safety that can apply to any type of this powerful tool.


Metal Band Saw

Of all the different types of band saw, a metal band saw is the ideal power tool for jobs that require you to cut through tough metal.


Metal cutting band saws generally fall into two categories, the vertical band saw and the horizontal band saw. The horizontal metal band saw is generally used to cut stock down to size, whereas the vertical one can be used for more intricate jobs such as filing, polishing, and contour cutting.


They do require some extra maintenance though and generally have some additional features built in. A coolant that keeps the blades lubricated and cool, as well as brushes or brushwheels that prevent metal chips from being caught in the blade, are both common to find on these types of band saws.


Unlike other saws, band saws have the unique ability to cut through a range of materials other than just wood, making them a popular tool in most workshops.


Wood Band Saw

A wood band saw is a popular choice among amateur and professional woodworkers. Often compared with the table saw as one of the most important power tools in carpentry, the wood band saw is a truly versatile machine.


While smaller stationary band saws are used in workshops, timber mills also operate large scale band saws for ripping lumber. The band saw has the unique ability to work with timber that’s of a larger diameter, and because they have a smaller kerf, or cut size, there is less of the quality timber wasted.


Wood band saws operate the same as any band saw, with the blades located on a continuous loop of metal teeth which perform succinct cuts through the timber.


Horizontal Band Saw

The horizontal band saw is one of the broader categories of band saw, favored by both amateur and professional carpenters. These types of band saws are useful for cutting longer materials down to size, however, not so ideal for producing complicated shapes or curved lines.


A horizontal band saw works by holding the material stationary while the band saw blade swings down through the cut. Once the cut is complete, the saw will automatically turn off with a switch trip to avoid potential injuries to the operator.


Some of the benefits of using a horizontal band saw include:


  • A quieter cut than most saws, making for a calmer workspace;
  • Extreme precision and accuracy when cutting straight lines;
  • The ability to set up your cut and then leave the machine to complete it, even turning off automatically once done;
  • Ability to cut wood, metal and plastics with ease;
  • No heat-affected zone after use, meaning safer operation with less risk of injury


Vertical Band Saw

A vertical band saw varies from its horizontal counterpart in how it cuts through the material. The saw itself doesn’t move, but rather the workpiece moves through the blade to create intricate cuts.


A vertical band saw is so versatile it can be used to create complicated shapes and lines that other types of band saws can’t compete with. As well as being adept at cutting complicated shapes, the vertical band saw can also perform precision cut straight lines, making it a great all-rounder power tool.


These saws have a superb cutting capacity and the ability to cut through materials fast, and with brush wheels installed they have safety measures in place to ensure chips don’t become stuck in its metal teeth.


Not only is the vertical band saw capable of cutting with ease, it also usually features a built in welder. The welder is useful for creating new blades or repairing old ones, and can even route the blade through the center of a part so that it can make interior cuts to the material.


Safety Guide

Although they’re often touted as one of the safest power tools around, you still need to be aware of the safety precautions for operating a band saw. A stationary band saw poses less of a threat than machines with a movable blade or saw which lowers their risk for injuries.


According to the Fine Woodworking Magazine, there are 12 cardinal rules for band saw safety that should be followed. These rules apply to all types of band saws and apply to working with any type of material, however, some styles may have extra rules regarding their safe operation.


  1. First and foremost, you should always consult the individual guidelines for your band saw as recommended by the manufacturer.
  2. Always ensure that fingers and other body parts are kept out of the path of the blade.
  3. When approaching the end of the cut, be sure to decrease the feed pressure.
  4. While the saw is in use always keep the wheel covers closed.
  5. Adjust the upper guide roughly quarter of an inch above your material before use.
  6. Always utilize the blade guard and keep it in place.
  7. Before changing blades, disconnect the band saw completely from its power source to avoid any accidental starts.
  8. As with any power tools, always wear eye protection while in the workshop.
  9. In the case of a broken or errant blade, ensure the machine has come to a complete stop before opening the wheel covers.
  10. If you have chips stuck in the throat, make sure you stop the saw before clearing the obstruction.
  11. To keep your fingers away from the blade, use push sticks that are stored in your miter slot.
  12. Always keep your workpiece in contact with the table at the exit point of the blade.



Not only is the band saw adept at making curvaceous cuts, but they can also perform precision cross cuts and rip lumber. If you have a quality band saw in your workshop you’ll already know how smooth their cuts can be, and performed with minimal effort.


If you’re looking for a band saw for your workshop, you’ll need to determine how much space you have available. There are some amazingly powerful and smaller bench top models that can still get the job done without taking up too much room.


For more band saws information, recommend you to visit the website of Actual Power Co., Ltd. Located in Taiwan, Actual Power is the professional fully automatic band saw manufacturer in the industry. And they provide a variety of high accuracy and high performance column band saws machine series to our customers. Welcome to visit the website of Actual Power, you can obtain more specification and details about automatic band saw series.


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Buying Guide to Band Saws

When you’re looking for a way to cut out precise curves in your wood stock, among the best woodworking equipment are the band saws. With that said, when you buy a quality band saw, it does more than just cutting great curves – they’re good in cutting small rabbets, ripping stock, and even cutting tenons. With all the different types of band saw, as well as the sizes and the features, how will you pick the right one?


Cabinet models are among the types which are for large-scale, professional use. Smaller units however, work best for those of you who are just home-based with smaller projects. The cabinet models technically have larger motors and a more structured frame to give you consistent cuts. If you’re opting for a smaller one however, you can still get professional-looking results if you do things right.


When buying band saws you must consider the throat and the depth of cut. The depth of cut of the saw is the distance from the upper blade guides to the table. Most saws are focused on this feature alone (which will tell you just how thick of stock you can cut with it). However, some of the saws only have a five or six-inch depth but come with an optional riser which extends it to about twelve. This will allow cheaper saws to cut through thicker stock, especially when resawing.


Now, the throat is the distance from the vertical frame of the saw’s body to the blade. This distance will determine the width of the cut which you can complete on the band saw. Another consideration for you is the motor’s size. Most of the home-level types will incorporate about ¾ to 1 horsepower motor but professional ones are large and with variable speeds. For most woodworkers however, having variable speed doesn’t really matter.


A few additional features should be considered too like having steel, cast-iron, or even an aluminum alloy table which can tilt to 45 degrees in making angled cuts. The table for the saw must be about 16 inches for the width and length, and have a miter track. Be sure to look for band wheels. These should have tires that come with cleaning brushes (of course, to keep the wheels clean). If you can, it’s great to check out units that have their own built-in dust collection port which you can connect to your wood shop’s vacuum. Among the two options which are really useful are the miter gauge and rip fence as they can do wonders in cross cutting, ripping, and resawing wood.


When you’re setting up your band saw, read the instructions and come with it. Read the instructions carefully because there are plenty of fine adjustments which you have to check in order for the band saw to cut properly. If you fail to follow the simple rules of the band saw, it can greatly affect its performance and your blades are likely to break.


Apart from these useful tips, band saws need to be properly set up so be sure you do this yourself to help you be familiar with the “feel” of it. Be sure you take note of the right methods in cutting. Although band saws are among the safest woodworking power tools, you need to take extra precaution to keep yourself on the safer side.


Rong Fu is an experienced and professional manufacturer, specializing in manufacturing band saw series including Light Duty Band Saw, Heavy Duty /Semi-Auto Band Saw, Automatic Band Saw, European Type Band Saw, Circular Saw and so on quality machine tools. If you are interested in our band saws, welcome to visit our website and feel free to contact Rong Fu!



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Band Saw- Rong Fu Industry

Rong Fu Industry is a professional manufacturer and supplier of band saw, including 5 inch metal cutting band saw, 7 inch cutting band saw, 7 inch geared drive metal cutting band saw, 7 inch 2 way swivel metal cutting band saw, and more. The band saw features casting structure to assure mechanical strength. Its fully adjustable hydraulic downfeed controls the rate of descent. The full blade cover provides more safety. The 4 step belt speed allows different cutting speed. The wheel kit of band saw for convenient moving to various work stations.


RF-128 Band Saw

RF-128 Band Saw


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